You must file a tax return if you have net earnings from self-employment of $400 or more from gig work, even if it's a side job, part-time or temporary.

You must pay tax on income you earn from gig work. If you do gig work as an employee, your employer should withhold tax from your paycheck. If you do gig work as an independent contractor, you may have to pay estimated taxes. Unsure if you are an employee or independent contractor? Ask your employer or check your worker status.

What is Gig Work?

Gig work is certain activity you do to earn income, often through an app or website (digital platform), like:

  • Drive a car for booked rides or deliveries
  • Rent out property or part of it
  • Run errands or complete tasks
  • Sell goods online
  • Rent equipment
  • Provide creative or professional services
  • Provide other temporary, on-demand or freelance work

Note: This list does not include all types of gig work.

What to Do

Here's how to manage taxes for gig work as an independent contractor (self-employed):

Collect and keep your records and receipts during the year. Recordkeeping can help you track your income, deduct expenses and complete your tax return.

Expenses — Save receipts of your expenses. You can lower the amount of tax you owe by deducting certain expenses. (See Get Ready to File below.)

Income — Keep records of money you receive from gig work and sales. You must report all income on your tax return, even if you don’t receive Forms 1099 from the businesses that pay you.

For more guidance:

If you earn money for gig work as an independent contractor, you may have to pay quarterly estimated taxes. You can avoid a penalty by paying enough tax on time.

Do you work as an employee and do gig work on the side? You may avoid making estimated tax payments on your gig income by withholding more tax from your employee paycheck. Use the Tax Withholding Estimator. Then fill out a new Form W-4, Employee’s Withholding Certificate and give it to your employer.

When to pay — Estimated tax payments are due four times a year:

  • April 15 for payment period January 1–March 31
  • June 15 for payment period April 1–May 31
  • September 15 for payment period June 1–August 31
  • January 15 for payment period September 1–December 31

Note: If these due dates fall on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, the payments are due the next business day.

How to payPay online or by mail or phone (refer to Form 1040-ES).

How to estimate — Use one of these forms to figure your estimated taxes:

For comprehensive information on paying estimated tax including exceptions, the underpayment penalty and methods to figure amount of payment, review Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax.
 

Collect income forms — The businesses you work with may send forms to the IRS to report payments made to you. If they do, you should receive copies of the forms by January 31. These may include:

Include all income — Use your sales receipts to report any payments not reported to you on a 1099 or W-2.

Subtract your expenses — You can lower the amount of tax you owe by deducting certain expenses. For more information, review:

Find information on tax filing:

To file your tax return as an independent contractor (self-employed), use the records you gathered (see Keep Records above) and fill out these forms:

Did you forget to report income from gig work? To correct a return you already filed, use Form 1040-X, Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return.

File your tax return — Choose a filing option:

Back to Gig Economy Tax Center 

Estimated Tax Due Dates

Pay quarterly estimated tax by the due dates to avoid a penalty:

  • April 15
  • June 15
  • September 15
  • January 15

Note: If due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, payment is due the next business day.

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